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utrie2_impl.h
/*
******************************************************************************
*
*   Copyright (C) 2001-2008, International Business Machines
*   Corporation and others.  All Rights Reserved.
*
******************************************************************************
*   file name:  utrie2_impl.h
*   encoding:   US-ASCII
*   tab size:   8 (not used)
*   indentation:4
*
*   created on: 2008sep26 (split off from utrie2.c)
*   created by: Markus W. Scherer
*
*   Definitions needed for both runtime and builder code for UTrie2,
*   used by utrie2.c and utrie2_builder.c.
*/

#ifndef __UTRIE2_IMPL_H__
#define __UTRIE2_IMPL_H__

#include "utrie2.h"

/* Public UTrie2 API implementation ----------------------------------------- */

/*
 * These definitions are mostly needed by utrie2.c,
 * but also by utrie2_serialize() and utrie2_swap().
 */

/*
 * UTrie and UTrie2 signature values,
 * in platform endianness and opposite endianness.
 */
#define UTRIE_SIG       0x54726965
#define UTRIE_OE_SIG    0x65697254

#define UTRIE2_SIG      0x54726932
#define UTRIE2_OE_SIG   0x32697254

/**
 * Trie data structure in serialized form:
 *
 * UTrie2Header header;
 * uint16_t index[header.index2Length];
 * uint16_t data[header.shiftedDataLength<<2];  -- or uint32_t data[...]
 * @internal
 */
00050 typedef struct UTrie2Header {
    /** "Tri2" in big-endian US-ASCII (0x54726932) */
00052     uint32_t signature;

    /**
     * options bit field:
     * 15.. 4   reserved (0)
     *  3.. 0   UTrie2ValueBits valueBits
     */
00059     uint16_t options;

    /** UTRIE2_INDEX_1_OFFSET..UTRIE2_MAX_INDEX_LENGTH */
00062     uint16_t indexLength;

    /** (UTRIE2_DATA_START_OFFSET..UTRIE2_MAX_DATA_LENGTH)>>UTRIE2_INDEX_SHIFT */
00065     uint16_t shiftedDataLength;

    /** Null index and data blocks, not shifted. */
00068     uint16_t index2NullOffset, dataNullOffset;

    /**
     * First code point of the single-value range ending with U+10ffff,
     * rounded up and then shifted right by UTRIE2_SHIFT_1.
     */
00074     uint16_t shiftedHighStart;
} UTrie2Header;

/**
 * Constants for use with UTrie2Header.options.
 * @internal
 */
enum {
    /** Mask to get the UTrie2ValueBits valueBits from options. */
    UTRIE2_OPTIONS_VALUE_BITS_MASK=0xf
};

/* Building a trie ---------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
 * These definitions are mostly needed by utrie2_builder.c, but also by
 * utrie2_get32() and utrie2_enum().
 */

enum {
    /**
     * At build time, leave a gap in the index-2 table,
     * at least as long as the maximum lengths of the 2-byte UTF-8 index-2 table
     * and the supplementary index-1 table.
     * Round up to UTRIE2_INDEX_2_BLOCK_LENGTH for proper compacting.
     */
    UNEWTRIE2_INDEX_GAP_OFFSET=UTRIE2_INDEX_2_BMP_LENGTH,
    UNEWTRIE2_INDEX_GAP_LENGTH=
        ((UTRIE2_UTF8_2B_INDEX_2_LENGTH+UTRIE2_MAX_INDEX_1_LENGTH)+UTRIE2_INDEX_2_MASK)&
        ~UTRIE2_INDEX_2_MASK,

    /**
     * Maximum length of the build-time index-2 array.
     * Maximum number of Unicode code points (0x110000) shifted right by UTRIE2_SHIFT_2,
     * plus the part of the index-2 table for lead surrogate code points,
     * plus the build-time index gap,
     * plus the null index-2 block.
     */
    UNEWTRIE2_MAX_INDEX_2_LENGTH=
        (0x110000>>UTRIE2_SHIFT_2)+
        UTRIE2_LSCP_INDEX_2_LENGTH+
        UNEWTRIE2_INDEX_GAP_LENGTH+
        UTRIE2_INDEX_2_BLOCK_LENGTH,

    UNEWTRIE2_INDEX_1_LENGTH=0x110000>>UTRIE2_SHIFT_1
};

/**
 * Maximum length of the build-time data array.
 * One entry per 0x110000 code points, plus the illegal-UTF-8 block and the null block,
 * plus values for the 0x400 surrogate code units.
 */
#define UNEWTRIE2_MAX_DATA_LENGTH (0x110000+0x40+0x40+0x400)

/*
 * Build-time trie structure.
 *
 * Just using a boolean flag for "repeat use" could lead to data array overflow
 * because we would not be able to detect when a data block becomes unused.
 * It also leads to orphan data blocks that are kept through serialization.
 *
 * Need to use reference counting for data blocks,
 * and allocDataBlock() needs to look for a free block before increasing dataLength.
 *
 * This scheme seems like overkill for index-2 blocks since the whole index array is
 * preallocated anyway (unlike the growable data array).
 * Just allocating multiple index-2 blocks as needed.
 */
00142 struct UNewTrie2 {
    int32_t index1[UNEWTRIE2_INDEX_1_LENGTH];
    int32_t index2[UNEWTRIE2_MAX_INDEX_2_LENGTH];
    uint32_t *data;

    uint32_t initialValue, errorValue;
    int32_t index2Length, dataCapacity, dataLength;
    int32_t firstFreeBlock;
    int32_t index2NullOffset, dataNullOffset;
    UChar32 highStart;
    UBool isCompacted;

    /**
     * Multi-purpose per-data-block table.
     *
     * Before compacting:
     *
     * Per-data-block reference counters/free-block list.
     *  0: unused
     * >0: reference counter (number of index-2 entries pointing here)
     * <0: next free data block in free-block list
     *
     * While compacting:
     *
     * Map of adjusted indexes, used in compactData() and compactIndex2().
     * Maps from original indexes to new ones.
     */
00169     int32_t map[UNEWTRIE2_MAX_DATA_LENGTH>>UTRIE2_SHIFT_2];
};

#endif

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