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dictbe.cpp

/**
 *******************************************************************************
 * Copyright (C) 2006-2008,2011, International Business Machines Corporation   *
 * and others. All Rights Reserved.                                            *
 *******************************************************************************
 */

#include "unicode/utypes.h"

#if !UCONFIG_NO_BREAK_ITERATION

#include "brkeng.h"
#include "dictbe.h"
#include "unicode/uniset.h"
#include "unicode/chariter.h"
#include "unicode/ubrk.h"
#include "uvector.h"
#include "triedict.h"

U_NAMESPACE_BEGIN

/*
 ******************************************************************
 */

/*DictionaryBreakEngine::DictionaryBreakEngine() {
    fTypes = 0;
}*/

00030 DictionaryBreakEngine::DictionaryBreakEngine(uint32_t breakTypes) {
    fTypes = breakTypes;
}

00034 DictionaryBreakEngine::~DictionaryBreakEngine() {
}

UBool
00038 DictionaryBreakEngine::handles(UChar32 c, int32_t breakType) const {
    return (breakType >= 0 && breakType < 32 && (((uint32_t)1 << breakType) & fTypes)
            && fSet.contains(c));
}

int32_t
00044 DictionaryBreakEngine::findBreaks( UText *text,
                                 int32_t startPos,
                                 int32_t endPos,
                                 UBool reverse,
                                 int32_t breakType,
                                 UStack &foundBreaks ) const {
    int32_t result = 0;

    // Find the span of characters included in the set.
    int32_t start = (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text);
    int32_t current;
    int32_t rangeStart;
    int32_t rangeEnd;
    UChar32 c = utext_current32(text);
    if (reverse) {
        UBool   isDict = fSet.contains(c);
        while((current = (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text)) > startPos && isDict) {
            c = utext_previous32(text);
            isDict = fSet.contains(c);
        }
        rangeStart = (current < startPos) ? startPos : current+(isDict ? 0 : 1);
        rangeEnd = start + 1;
    }
    else {
        while((current = (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text)) < endPos && fSet.contains(c)) {
            utext_next32(text);         // TODO:  recast loop for postincrement
            c = utext_current32(text);
        }
        rangeStart = start;
        rangeEnd = current;
    }
    if (breakType >= 0 && breakType < 32 && (((uint32_t)1 << breakType) & fTypes)) {
        result = divideUpDictionaryRange(text, rangeStart, rangeEnd, foundBreaks);
        utext_setNativeIndex(text, current);
    }
    
    return result;
}

void
00084 DictionaryBreakEngine::setCharacters( const UnicodeSet &set ) {
    fSet = set;
    // Compact for caching
    fSet.compact();
}

/*void
DictionaryBreakEngine::setBreakTypes( uint32_t breakTypes ) {
    fTypes = breakTypes;
}*/

/*
 ******************************************************************
 */


// Helper class for improving readability of the Thai word break
// algorithm. The implementation is completely inline.

// List size, limited by the maximum number of words in the dictionary
// that form a nested sequence.
#define POSSIBLE_WORD_LIST_MAX 20

00107 class PossibleWord {
 private:
  // list of word candidate lengths, in increasing length order
  int32_t   lengths[POSSIBLE_WORD_LIST_MAX];
  int       count;      // Count of candidates
  int32_t   prefix;     // The longest match with a dictionary word
  int32_t   offset;     // Offset in the text of these candidates
  int       mark;       // The preferred candidate's offset
  int       current;    // The candidate we're currently looking at

 public:
  PossibleWord();
  ~PossibleWord();
  
  // Fill the list of candidates if needed, select the longest, and return the number found
  int       candidates( UText *text, const TrieWordDictionary *dict, int32_t rangeEnd );
  
  // Select the currently marked candidate, point after it in the text, and invalidate self
  int32_t   acceptMarked( UText *text );
  
  // Back up from the current candidate to the next shorter one; return TRUE if that exists
  // and point the text after it
  UBool     backUp( UText *text );
  
  // Return the longest prefix this candidate location shares with a dictionary word
  int32_t   longestPrefix();
  
  // Mark the current candidate as the one we like
  void      markCurrent();
};

inline
PossibleWord::PossibleWord() {
    offset = -1;
}

inline
PossibleWord::~PossibleWord() {
}

inline int
PossibleWord::candidates( UText *text, const TrieWordDictionary *dict, int32_t rangeEnd ) {
    // TODO: If getIndex is too slow, use offset < 0 and add discardAll()
    int32_t start = (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text);
    if (start != offset) {
        offset = start;
        prefix = dict->matches(text, rangeEnd-start, lengths, count, sizeof(lengths)/sizeof(lengths[0]));
        // Dictionary leaves text after longest prefix, not longest word. Back up.
        if (count <= 0) {
            utext_setNativeIndex(text, start);
        }
    }
    if (count > 0) {
        utext_setNativeIndex(text, start+lengths[count-1]);
    }
    current = count-1;
    mark = current;
    return count;
}

inline int32_t
PossibleWord::acceptMarked( UText *text ) {
    utext_setNativeIndex(text, offset + lengths[mark]);
    return lengths[mark];
}

inline UBool
PossibleWord::backUp( UText *text ) {
    if (current > 0) {
        utext_setNativeIndex(text, offset + lengths[--current]);
        return TRUE;
    }
    return FALSE;
}

inline int32_t
PossibleWord::longestPrefix() {
    return prefix;
}

inline void
PossibleWord::markCurrent() {
    mark = current;
}

// How many words in a row are "good enough"?
#define THAI_LOOKAHEAD 3

// Will not combine a non-word with a preceding dictionary word longer than this
#define THAI_ROOT_COMBINE_THRESHOLD 3

// Will not combine a non-word that shares at least this much prefix with a
// dictionary word, with a preceding word
#define THAI_PREFIX_COMBINE_THRESHOLD 3

// Ellision character
#define THAI_PAIYANNOI 0x0E2F

// Repeat character
#define THAI_MAIYAMOK 0x0E46

// Minimum word size
#define THAI_MIN_WORD 2

// Minimum number of characters for two words
#define THAI_MIN_WORD_SPAN (THAI_MIN_WORD * 2)

00214 ThaiBreakEngine::ThaiBreakEngine(const TrieWordDictionary *adoptDictionary, UErrorCode &status)
    : DictionaryBreakEngine((1<<UBRK_WORD) | (1<<UBRK_LINE)),
      fDictionary(adoptDictionary)
{
    fThaiWordSet.applyPattern(UNICODE_STRING_SIMPLE("[[:Thai:]&[:LineBreak=SA:]]"), status);
    if (U_SUCCESS(status)) {
        setCharacters(fThaiWordSet);
    }
    fMarkSet.applyPattern(UNICODE_STRING_SIMPLE("[[:Thai:]&[:LineBreak=SA:]&[:M:]]"), status);
    fMarkSet.add(0x0020);
    fEndWordSet = fThaiWordSet;
    fEndWordSet.remove(0x0E31);             // MAI HAN-AKAT
    fEndWordSet.remove(0x0E40, 0x0E44);     // SARA E through SARA AI MAIMALAI
    fBeginWordSet.add(0x0E01, 0x0E2E);      // KO KAI through HO NOKHUK
    fBeginWordSet.add(0x0E40, 0x0E44);      // SARA E through SARA AI MAIMALAI
    fSuffixSet.add(THAI_PAIYANNOI);
    fSuffixSet.add(THAI_MAIYAMOK);

    // Compact for caching.
    fMarkSet.compact();
    fEndWordSet.compact();
    fBeginWordSet.compact();
    fSuffixSet.compact();
}

00239 ThaiBreakEngine::~ThaiBreakEngine() {
    delete fDictionary;
}

int32_t
00244 ThaiBreakEngine::divideUpDictionaryRange( UText *text,
                                                int32_t rangeStart,
                                                int32_t rangeEnd,
                                                UStack &foundBreaks ) const {
    if ((rangeEnd - rangeStart) < THAI_MIN_WORD_SPAN) {
        return 0;       // Not enough characters for two words
    }

    uint32_t wordsFound = 0;
    int32_t wordLength;
    int32_t current;
    UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    PossibleWord words[THAI_LOOKAHEAD];
    UChar32 uc;
    
    utext_setNativeIndex(text, rangeStart);
    
    while (U_SUCCESS(status) && (current = (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text)) < rangeEnd) {
        wordLength = 0;

        // Look for candidate words at the current position
        int candidates = words[wordsFound%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd);
        
        // If we found exactly one, use that
        if (candidates == 1) {
            wordLength = words[wordsFound%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].acceptMarked(text);
            wordsFound += 1;
        }
        
        // If there was more than one, see which one can take us forward the most words
        else if (candidates > 1) {
            // If we're already at the end of the range, we're done
            if ((int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) >= rangeEnd) {
                goto foundBest;
            }
            do {
                int wordsMatched = 1;
                if (words[(wordsFound+1)%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd) > 0) {
                    if (wordsMatched < 2) {
                        // Followed by another dictionary word; mark first word as a good candidate
                        words[wordsFound%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].markCurrent();
                        wordsMatched = 2;
                    }
                    
                    // If we're already at the end of the range, we're done
                    if ((int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) >= rangeEnd) {
                        goto foundBest;
                    }
                    
                    // See if any of the possible second words is followed by a third word
                    do {
                        // If we find a third word, stop right away
                        if (words[(wordsFound+2)%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd)) {
                            words[wordsFound%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].markCurrent();
                            goto foundBest;
                        }
                    }
                    while (words[(wordsFound+1)%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].backUp(text));
                }
            }
            while (words[wordsFound%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].backUp(text));
foundBest:
            wordLength = words[wordsFound%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].acceptMarked(text);
            wordsFound += 1;
        }
        
        // We come here after having either found a word or not. We look ahead to the
        // next word. If it's not a dictionary word, we will combine it withe the word we
        // just found (if there is one), but only if the preceding word does not exceed
        // the threshold.
        // The text iterator should now be positioned at the end of the word we found.
        if ((int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) < rangeEnd && wordLength < THAI_ROOT_COMBINE_THRESHOLD) {
            // if it is a dictionary word, do nothing. If it isn't, then if there is
            // no preceding word, or the non-word shares less than the minimum threshold
            // of characters with a dictionary word, then scan to resynchronize
            if (words[wordsFound%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd) <= 0
                  && (wordLength == 0
                      || words[wordsFound%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].longestPrefix() < THAI_PREFIX_COMBINE_THRESHOLD)) {
                // Look for a plausible word boundary
                //TODO: This section will need a rework for UText.
                int32_t remaining = rangeEnd - (current+wordLength);
                UChar32 pc = utext_current32(text);
                int32_t chars = 0;
                for (;;) {
                    utext_next32(text);
                    uc = utext_current32(text);
                    // TODO: Here we're counting on the fact that the SA languages are all
                    // in the BMP. This should get fixed with the UText rework.
                    chars += 1;
                    if (--remaining <= 0) {
                        break;
                    }
                    if (fEndWordSet.contains(pc) && fBeginWordSet.contains(uc)) {
                        // Maybe. See if it's in the dictionary.
                        // NOTE: In the original Apple code, checked that the next
                        // two characters after uc were not 0x0E4C THANTHAKHAT before
                        // checking the dictionary. That is just a performance filter,
                        // but it's not clear it's faster than checking the trie.
                        int candidates = words[(wordsFound+1)%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd);
                        utext_setNativeIndex(text, current+wordLength+chars);
                        if (candidates > 0) {
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                    pc = uc;
                }
                
                // Bump the word count if there wasn't already one
                if (wordLength <= 0) {
                    wordsFound += 1;
                }
                
                // Update the length with the passed-over characters
                wordLength += chars;
            }
            else {
                // Back up to where we were for next iteration
                utext_setNativeIndex(text, current+wordLength);
            }
        }
        
        // Never stop before a combining mark.
        int32_t currPos;
        while ((currPos = (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text)) < rangeEnd && fMarkSet.contains(utext_current32(text))) {
            utext_next32(text);
            wordLength += (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) - currPos;
        }
        
        // Look ahead for possible suffixes if a dictionary word does not follow.
        // We do this in code rather than using a rule so that the heuristic
        // resynch continues to function. For example, one of the suffix characters
        // could be a typo in the middle of a word.
        if ((int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) < rangeEnd && wordLength > 0) {
            if (words[wordsFound%THAI_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd) <= 0
                && fSuffixSet.contains(uc = utext_current32(text))) {
                if (uc == THAI_PAIYANNOI) {
                    if (!fSuffixSet.contains(utext_previous32(text))) {
                        // Skip over previous end and PAIYANNOI
                        utext_next32(text);
                        utext_next32(text);
                        wordLength += 1;            // Add PAIYANNOI to word
                        uc = utext_current32(text);     // Fetch next character
                    }
                    else {
                        // Restore prior position
                        utext_next32(text);
                    }
                }
                if (uc == THAI_MAIYAMOK) {
                    if (utext_previous32(text) != THAI_MAIYAMOK) {
                        // Skip over previous end and MAIYAMOK
                        utext_next32(text);
                        utext_next32(text);
                        wordLength += 1;            // Add MAIYAMOK to word
                    }
                    else {
                        // Restore prior position
                        utext_next32(text);
                    }
                }
            }
            else {
                utext_setNativeIndex(text, current+wordLength);
            }
        }

        // Did we find a word on this iteration? If so, push it on the break stack
        if (wordLength > 0) {
            foundBreaks.push((current+wordLength), status);
        }
    }

    // Don't return a break for the end of the dictionary range if there is one there.
    if (foundBreaks.peeki() >= rangeEnd) {
        (void) foundBreaks.popi();
        wordsFound -= 1;
    }

    return wordsFound;
}

// How many words in a row are "good enough"?
#define KHMER_LOOKAHEAD 3

// Will not combine a non-word with a preceding dictionary word longer than this
#define KHMER_ROOT_COMBINE_THRESHOLD 3

// Will not combine a non-word that shares at least this much prefix with a
// dictionary word, with a preceding word
#define KHMER_PREFIX_COMBINE_THRESHOLD 3

// Minimum word size
#define KHMER_MIN_WORD 2

// Minimum number of characters for two words
#define KHMER_MIN_WORD_SPAN (KHMER_MIN_WORD * 2)

00441 KhmerBreakEngine::KhmerBreakEngine(const TrieWordDictionary *adoptDictionary, UErrorCode &status)
    : DictionaryBreakEngine((1<<UBRK_WORD) | (1<<UBRK_LINE)),
      fDictionary(adoptDictionary)
{
    fKhmerWordSet.applyPattern(UNICODE_STRING_SIMPLE("[[:Khmr:]&[:LineBreak=SA:]]"), status);
    if (U_SUCCESS(status)) {
        setCharacters(fKhmerWordSet);
    }
    fMarkSet.applyPattern(UNICODE_STRING_SIMPLE("[[:Khmr:]&[:LineBreak=SA:]&[:M:]]"), status);
    fMarkSet.add(0x0020);
    fEndWordSet = fKhmerWordSet;
    fBeginWordSet.add(0x1780, 0x17B3);
    //fBeginWordSet.add(0x17A3, 0x17A4);      // deprecated vowels
    //fEndWordSet.remove(0x17A5, 0x17A9);     // Khmer independent vowels that can't end a word
    //fEndWordSet.remove(0x17B2);             // Khmer independent vowel that can't end a word
    fEndWordSet.remove(0x17D2);             // KHMER SIGN COENG that combines some following characters
    //fEndWordSet.remove(0x17B6, 0x17C5);     // Remove dependent vowels
//    fEndWordSet.remove(0x0E31);             // MAI HAN-AKAT
//    fEndWordSet.remove(0x0E40, 0x0E44);     // SARA E through SARA AI MAIMALAI
//    fBeginWordSet.add(0x0E01, 0x0E2E);      // KO KAI through HO NOKHUK
//    fBeginWordSet.add(0x0E40, 0x0E44);      // SARA E through SARA AI MAIMALAI
//    fSuffixSet.add(THAI_PAIYANNOI);
//    fSuffixSet.add(THAI_MAIYAMOK);

    // Compact for caching.
    fMarkSet.compact();
    fEndWordSet.compact();
    fBeginWordSet.compact();
//    fSuffixSet.compact();
}

00472 KhmerBreakEngine::~KhmerBreakEngine() {
    delete fDictionary;
}

int32_t
00477 KhmerBreakEngine::divideUpDictionaryRange( UText *text,
                                                int32_t rangeStart,
                                                int32_t rangeEnd,
                                                UStack &foundBreaks ) const {
    if ((rangeEnd - rangeStart) < KHMER_MIN_WORD_SPAN) {
        return 0;       // Not enough characters for two words
    }

    uint32_t wordsFound = 0;
    int32_t wordLength;
    int32_t current;
    UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    PossibleWord words[KHMER_LOOKAHEAD];
    UChar32 uc;

    utext_setNativeIndex(text, rangeStart);

    while (U_SUCCESS(status) && (current = (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text)) < rangeEnd) {
        wordLength = 0;

        // Look for candidate words at the current position
        int candidates = words[wordsFound%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd);

        // If we found exactly one, use that
        if (candidates == 1) {
            wordLength = words[wordsFound%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].acceptMarked(text);
            wordsFound += 1;
        }

        // If there was more than one, see which one can take us forward the most words
        else if (candidates > 1) {
            // If we're already at the end of the range, we're done
            if ((int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) >= rangeEnd) {
                goto foundBest;
            }
            do {
                int wordsMatched = 1;
                if (words[(wordsFound+1)%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd) > 0) {
                    if (wordsMatched < 2) {
                        // Followed by another dictionary word; mark first word as a good candidate
                        words[wordsFound%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].markCurrent();
                        wordsMatched = 2;
                    }

                    // If we're already at the end of the range, we're done
                    if ((int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) >= rangeEnd) {
                        goto foundBest;
                    }

                    // See if any of the possible second words is followed by a third word
                    do {
                        // If we find a third word, stop right away
                        if (words[(wordsFound+2)%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd)) {
                            words[wordsFound%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].markCurrent();
                            goto foundBest;
                        }
                    }
                    while (words[(wordsFound+1)%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].backUp(text));
                }
            }
            while (words[wordsFound%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].backUp(text));
foundBest:
            wordLength = words[wordsFound%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].acceptMarked(text);
            wordsFound += 1;
        }

        // We come here after having either found a word or not. We look ahead to the
        // next word. If it's not a dictionary word, we will combine it with the word we
        // just found (if there is one), but only if the preceding word does not exceed
        // the threshold.
        // The text iterator should now be positioned at the end of the word we found.
        if ((int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) < rangeEnd && wordLength < KHMER_ROOT_COMBINE_THRESHOLD) {
            // if it is a dictionary word, do nothing. If it isn't, then if there is
            // no preceding word, or the non-word shares less than the minimum threshold
            // of characters with a dictionary word, then scan to resynchronize
            if (words[wordsFound%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd) <= 0
                  && (wordLength == 0
                      || words[wordsFound%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].longestPrefix() < KHMER_PREFIX_COMBINE_THRESHOLD)) {
                // Look for a plausible word boundary
                //TODO: This section will need a rework for UText.
                int32_t remaining = rangeEnd - (current+wordLength);
                UChar32 pc = utext_current32(text);
                int32_t chars = 0;
                for (;;) {
                    utext_next32(text);
                    uc = utext_current32(text);
                    // TODO: Here we're counting on the fact that the SA languages are all
                    // in the BMP. This should get fixed with the UText rework.
                    chars += 1;
                    if (--remaining <= 0) {
                        break;
                    }
                    if (fEndWordSet.contains(pc) && fBeginWordSet.contains(uc)) {
                        // Maybe. See if it's in the dictionary.
                        int candidates = words[(wordsFound+1)%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd);
                        utext_setNativeIndex(text, current+wordLength+chars);
                        if (candidates > 0) {
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                    pc = uc;
                }

                // Bump the word count if there wasn't already one
                if (wordLength <= 0) {
                    wordsFound += 1;
                }

                // Update the length with the passed-over characters
                wordLength += chars;
            }
            else {
                // Back up to where we were for next iteration
                utext_setNativeIndex(text, current+wordLength);
            }
        }

        // Never stop before a combining mark.
        int32_t currPos;
        while ((currPos = (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text)) < rangeEnd && fMarkSet.contains(utext_current32(text))) {
            utext_next32(text);
            wordLength += (int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) - currPos;
        }

        // Look ahead for possible suffixes if a dictionary word does not follow.
        // We do this in code rather than using a rule so that the heuristic
        // resynch continues to function. For example, one of the suffix characters
        // could be a typo in the middle of a word.
//        if ((int32_t)utext_getNativeIndex(text) < rangeEnd && wordLength > 0) {
//            if (words[wordsFound%KHMER_LOOKAHEAD].candidates(text, fDictionary, rangeEnd) <= 0
//                && fSuffixSet.contains(uc = utext_current32(text))) {
//                if (uc == KHMER_PAIYANNOI) {
//                    if (!fSuffixSet.contains(utext_previous32(text))) {
//                        // Skip over previous end and PAIYANNOI
//                        utext_next32(text);
//                        utext_next32(text);
//                        wordLength += 1;            // Add PAIYANNOI to word
//                        uc = utext_current32(text);     // Fetch next character
//                    }
//                    else {
//                        // Restore prior position
//                        utext_next32(text);
//                    }
//                }
//                if (uc == KHMER_MAIYAMOK) {
//                    if (utext_previous32(text) != KHMER_MAIYAMOK) {
//                        // Skip over previous end and MAIYAMOK
//                        utext_next32(text);
//                        utext_next32(text);
//                        wordLength += 1;            // Add MAIYAMOK to word
//                    }
//                    else {
//                        // Restore prior position
//                        utext_next32(text);
//                    }
//                }
//            }
//            else {
//                utext_setNativeIndex(text, current+wordLength);
//            }
//        }

        // Did we find a word on this iteration? If so, push it on the break stack
        if (wordLength > 0) {
            foundBreaks.push((current+wordLength), status);
        }
    }
    
    // Don't return a break for the end of the dictionary range if there is one there.
    if (foundBreaks.peeki() >= rangeEnd) {
        (void) foundBreaks.popi();
        wordsFound -= 1;
    }

    return wordsFound;
}

U_NAMESPACE_END

#endif /* #if !UCONFIG_NO_BREAK_ITERATION */

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