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digitlst.h

/*
******************************************************************************
*
*   Copyright (C) 1997-2007, International Business Machines
*   Corporation and others.  All Rights Reserved.
*
******************************************************************************
*
* File DIGITLST.H
*
* Modification History:
*
*   Date        Name        Description
*   02/25/97    aliu        Converted from java.
*   03/21/97    clhuang     Updated per C++ implementation.
*   04/15/97    aliu        Changed MAX_COUNT to DBL_DIG.  Changed Digit to char.
*   09/09/97    aliu        Adapted for exponential notation support.
*   08/02/98    stephen     Added nearest/even rounding
*   06/29/99    stephen     Made LONG_DIGITS a macro to satisfy SUN compiler
*   07/09/99    stephen     Removed kMaxCount (unused, for HP compiler)
******************************************************************************
*/
 
#ifndef DIGITLST_H
#define DIGITLST_H
 
#include "unicode/uobject.h"

#if !UCONFIG_NO_FORMATTING
#include "unicode/decimfmt.h"
#include <float.h>

// Decimal digits in a 64-bit int
//#define LONG_DIGITS 19 
#define INT64_DIGITS 19

typedef enum EDigitListValues {
    MAX_DBL_DIGITS = DBL_DIG,
    MAX_I64_DIGITS = INT64_DIGITS,
    MAX_DIGITS = MAX_I64_DIGITS,
    MAX_EXPONENT = DBL_DIG,
    DIGIT_PADDING = 3,

     // "+." + fDigits + "e" + fDecimalAt
    MAX_DEC_DIGITS = MAX_DIGITS + DIGIT_PADDING + MAX_EXPONENT
} EDigitListValues;

U_NAMESPACE_BEGIN

/**
 * Digit List utility class. Private to DecimalFormat.  Handles the transcoding
 * between numeric values and strings of characters.  Only handles
 * non-negative numbers.  The division of labor between DigitList and
 * DecimalFormat is that DigitList handles the radix 10 representation
 * issues; DecimalFormat handles the locale-specific issues such as
 * positive/negative, grouping, decimal point, currency, and so on.
 * <P>
 * A DigitList is really a representation of a floating point value.
 * It may be an integer value; we assume that a double has sufficient
 * precision to represent all digits of a long.
 * <P>
 * The DigitList representation consists of a string of characters,
 * which are the digits radix 10, from '0' to '9'.  It also has a radix
 * 10 exponent associated with it.  The value represented by a DigitList
 * object can be computed by mulitplying the fraction f, where 0 <= f < 1,
 * derived by placing all the digits of the list to the right of the
 * decimal point, by 10^exponent.
 */
00069 class DigitList : public UMemory { // Declare external to make compiler happy
public:
    DigitList();
    ~DigitList();

    /* copy constructor
     * @param DigitList The object to be copied.
     * @return the newly created object. 
     */
    DigitList(const DigitList&); // copy constructor

    /* assignment operator
     * @param DigitList The object to be copied.
     * @return the newly created object.
     */
    DigitList& operator=(const DigitList&);  // assignment operator

    /**
     * Return true if another object is semantically equal to this one.
     * @param other The DigitList to be compared for equality
     * @return true if another object is semantically equal to this one.
     * return false otherwise.
     */
    UBool operator==(const DigitList& other) const;

private:
    /**
     * Commented out due to lack of usage and low code coverage.
     */
    inline UBool operator!=(const DigitList& other) const;
public:

    /**
     * Clears out the digits.
     * Use before appending them.
     * Typically, you set a series of digits with append, then at the point
     * you hit the decimal point, you set myDigitList.fDecimalAt = myDigitList.fCount;
     * then go on appending digits.
     */
    void clear(void);

    /**
     * Appends digits to the list. Ignores all digits beyond the first DBL_DIG,
     * since they are not significant for either longs or doubles.
     * @param digit The digit to be appended.
     */
    inline void append(char digit);

    /**
     * Utility routine to get the value of the digit list
     * Returns 0.0 if zero length.
     * @return the value of the digit list.
     */
    double getDouble(void) /*const*/;

    /**
     * Utility routine to get the value of the digit list
     * Make sure that fitsIntoLong() is called before calling this function.
     * Returns 0 if zero length.
     * @return the value of the digit list, return 0 if it is zero length
     */
    int32_t getLong(void) /*const*/;

    /**
     * Utility routine to get the value of the digit list
     * Make sure that fitsIntoInt64() is called before calling this function.
     * Returns 0 if zero length.
     * @return the value of the digit list, return 0 if it is zero length
     */
    int64_t getInt64(void) /*const*/;

    /**
     * Return true if the number represented by this object can fit into
     * a long.
     * @param ignoreNegativeZero True if negative zero is ignored.
     * @return true if the number represented by this object can fit into
     * a long, return false otherwise.
     */
    UBool fitsIntoLong(UBool ignoreNegativeZero) /*const*/;

    /**
     * Return true if the number represented by this object can fit into
     * an int64_t.
     * @param ignoreNegativeZero True if negative zero is ignored.
     * @return true if the number represented by this object can fit into
     * a long, return false otherwise.
     */
    UBool fitsIntoInt64(UBool ignoreNegativeZero) /*const*/;

    /**
     * Utility routine to set the value of the digit list from a double
     * Input must be non-negative, and must not be Inf, -Inf, or NaN.
     * The maximum fraction digits helps us round properly.
     * @param source The value to be set
     * @param maximunDigits The maximum number of digits to be shown
     * @param fixedPoint True if the point is fixed
     */
    void set(double source, int32_t maximumDigits, UBool fixedPoint = TRUE);

    /**
     * Utility routine to set the value of the digit list from a long.
     * If a non-zero maximumDigits is specified, no more than that number of
     * significant digits will be produced.
     * @param source The value to be set
     * @param maximunDigits The maximum number of digits to be shown
     */
    void set(int32_t source, int32_t maximumDigits = 0);

    /**
     * Utility routine to set the value of the digit list from an int64.
     * If a non-zero maximumDigits is specified, no more than that number of
     * significant digits will be produced.
     * @param source The value to be set
     * @param maximunDigits The maximum number of digits to be shown
     */
    void set(int64_t source, int32_t maximumDigits = 0);

    /**
     * Return true if this is a representation of zero.
     * @return true if this is a representation of zero.
     */
    UBool isZero(void) const;

    /**
     * Return true if this is a representation of LONG_MIN.  You must use
     * this method to determine if this is so; you cannot check directly,
     * because a special format is used to handle this.
     */
    // This code is unused.
    //UBool isLONG_MIN(void) const;

public:
    /**
     * These data members are intentionally public and can be set directly.
     *<P>
     * The value represented is given by placing the decimal point before
     * fDigits[fDecimalAt].  If fDecimalAt is < 0, then leading zeros between
     * the decimal point and the first nonzero digit are implied.  If fDecimalAt
     * is > fCount, then trailing zeros between the fDigits[fCount-1] and the
     * decimal point are implied.
     * <P>
     * Equivalently, the represented value is given by f * 10^fDecimalAt.  Here
     * f is a value 0.1 <= f < 1 arrived at by placing the digits in fDigits to
     * the right of the decimal.
     * <P>
     * DigitList is normalized, so if it is non-zero, fDigits[0] is non-zero.  We
     * don't allow denormalized numbers because our exponent is effectively of
     * unlimited magnitude.  The fCount value contains the number of significant
     * digits present in fDigits[].
     * <P>
     * Zero is represented by any DigitList with fCount == 0 or with each fDigits[i]
     * for all i <= fCount == '0'.
     */
00222     int32_t                         fDecimalAt;
    int32_t                         fCount;
    UBool                           fIsPositive;
    char                            *fDigits;
    DecimalFormat::ERoundingMode    fRoundingMode;

private:

    /* One character before fDigits for the decimal*/
    char        fDecimalDigits[MAX_DEC_DIGITS + 1];

    /**
     * Round the representation to the given number of digits.
     * @param maximumDigits The maximum number of digits to be shown.
     * Upon return, count will be less than or equal to maximumDigits.
     */
    void round(int32_t maximumDigits);

    UBool shouldRoundUp(int32_t maximumDigits) const;
};
 
// -------------------------------------
// Appends the digit to the digit list if it's not out of scope.
// Ignores the digit, otherwise.

inline void
00248 DigitList::append(char digit)
{
    // Ignore digits which exceed the precision we can represent
    if (fCount < MAX_DIGITS)
        fDigits[fCount++] = digit;
}

#if 0
inline UBool
DigitList::operator!=(const DigitList& other) const {
    return !operator==(other);
}
#endif

U_NAMESPACE_END

#endif // #if !UCONFIG_NO_FORMATTING
#endif // _DIGITLST

//eof

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