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persncal.h

/*
 ******************************************************************************
 * Copyright (C) 2003-2008, International Business Machines Corporation
 * and others. All Rights Reserved.
 ******************************************************************************
 *
 * File PERSNCAL.H
 *
 * Modification History:
 *
 *   Date        Name        Description
 *   9/23/2003 mehran        posted to icu-design
 *****************************************************************************
 */

#ifndef PERSNCAL_H
#define PERSNCAL_H

#include "unicode/utypes.h"

#if !UCONFIG_NO_FORMATTING

#include "unicode/calendar.h"

U_NAMESPACE_BEGIN

/**
 * <code>PersianCalendar</code> is a subclass of <code>Calendar</code>
 * that implements the Persian calendar.  It is used as the official
 * calendar in Iran.  This calendar is also known as the "Hijri Shamsi"
 * calendar, since it starts at the time of Mohammed's emigration (or
 * "hijra") to Medinah on Thursday, July 15, 622 AD (Julian) and is a
 * solar calendar system (or "shamsi").
 * <p>
 * The Persian calendar is strictly solar, and thus a Persian year has twelve
 * solar months. A Persian year is about 365 days long, except in leap years
 * which is 366 days long.
 * <p>
 * The six first months of Persian Calendar are 31 days long. The next five
 * months are 30 days long. The last month is 29 days long in normal years,
 * and 30 days long in leap years.
 *
 * @see GregorianCalendar
 *
 * @author Mehran Mehr
 * @internal
 */
00048 class PersianCalendar : public Calendar {
 public:
  //-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  // Constants...
  //-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  /**
   * Constants for the months
   * @internal
   */
00057   enum EMonths {
    /**
     * Constant for Farvardin, the 1st month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal
     */
00062     FARVARDIN = 0,

    /**
     * Constant for Ordibehesht, the 2nd month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal
     */
00068     ORDIBEHESHT = 1,

    /**
     * Constant for Khordad, the 3rd month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00074     KHORDAD = 2,

    /**
     * Constant for Tir, the 4th month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00080     TIR = 3,

    /**
     * Constant for Mordad, the 5th month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00086     MORDAD = 4,

    /**
     * Constant for Shahrivar, the 6th month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00092     SHAHRIVAR = 5,

    /**
     * Constant for Mehr, the 7th month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00098     MEHR = 6,

    /**
     * Constant for Aban, the 8th month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00104     ABAN = 7,

    /**
     * Constant for Azar, the 9th month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00110     AZAR = 8,

    /**
     * Constant for Dei, the 10th month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00116     DEI = 9,

    /**
     * Constant for Bahman, the 11th month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00122     BAHMAN = 10,

    /**
     * Constant for Esfand, the 12th month of the Persian year. 
     * @internal 
     */
00128     ESFAND = 11,
    
    PERSIAN_MONTH_MAX
  }; 



  //-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  // Constructors...
  //-------------------------------------------------------------------------

  /**
   * Constructs a PersianCalendar based on the current time in the default time zone
   * with the given locale.
   *
   * @param aLocale  The given locale.
   * @param success  Indicates the status of PersianCalendar object construction.
   *                 Returns U_ZERO_ERROR if constructed successfully.
   * @internal
   */
  PersianCalendar(const Locale& aLocale, UErrorCode &success);

  /**
   * Copy Constructor
   * @internal
   */
  PersianCalendar(const PersianCalendar& other);

  /**
   * Destructor.
   * @internal
   */
  virtual ~PersianCalendar();

  // TODO: copy c'tor, etc

  // clone
  virtual Calendar* clone() const;

 private:
  /**
   * Determine whether a year is a leap year in the Persian calendar
   */
  static UBool isLeapYear(int32_t year);
    
  /**
   * Return the day # on which the given year starts.  Days are counted
   * from the Hijri epoch, origin 0.
   */
  int32_t yearStart(int32_t year);

  /**
   * Return the day # on which the given month starts.  Days are counted
   * from the Hijri epoch, origin 0.
   *
   * @param year  The hijri shamsi year
   * @param year  The hijri shamsi month, 0-based
   */
  int32_t monthStart(int32_t year, int32_t month) const;
    
  //----------------------------------------------------------------------
  // Calendar framework
  //----------------------------------------------------------------------
 protected:
  /**
   * @internal
   */
  virtual int32_t handleGetLimit(UCalendarDateFields field, ELimitType limitType) const;
  
  /**
   * Return the length (in days) of the given month.
   *
   * @param year  The hijri shamsi year
   * @param year  The hijri shamsi month, 0-based
   * @internal
   */
  virtual int32_t handleGetMonthLength(int32_t extendedYear, int32_t month) const;
  
  /**
   * Return the number of days in the given Persian year
   * @internal
   */
  virtual int32_t handleGetYearLength(int32_t extendedYear) const;
    
  //-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  // Functions for converting from field values to milliseconds....
  //-------------------------------------------------------------------------

  // Return JD of start of given month/year
  /**
   * @internal
   */
  virtual int32_t handleComputeMonthStart(int32_t eyear, int32_t month, UBool useMonth) const;

  //-------------------------------------------------------------------------
  // Functions for converting from milliseconds to field values
  //-------------------------------------------------------------------------

  /**
   * @internal
   */
  virtual int32_t handleGetExtendedYear();

  /**
   * Override Calendar to compute several fields specific to the Persian
   * calendar system.  These are:
   *
   * <ul><li>ERA
   * <li>YEAR
   * <li>MONTH
   * <li>DAY_OF_MONTH
   * <li>DAY_OF_YEAR
   * <li>EXTENDED_YEAR</ul>
   * 
   * The DAY_OF_WEEK and DOW_LOCAL fields are already set when this
   * method is called. The getGregorianXxx() methods return Gregorian
   * calendar equivalents for the given Julian day.
   * @internal
   */
  virtual void handleComputeFields(int32_t julianDay, UErrorCode &status);

  // UObject stuff
 public: 
  /**
   * @return   The class ID for this object. All objects of a given class have the
   *           same class ID. Objects of other classes have different class IDs.
   * @internal
   */
  virtual UClassID getDynamicClassID(void) const;

  /**
   * Return the class ID for this class. This is useful only for comparing to a return
   * value from getDynamicClassID(). For example:
   *
   *      Base* polymorphic_pointer = createPolymorphicObject();
   *      if (polymorphic_pointer->getDynamicClassID() ==
   *          Derived::getStaticClassID()) ...
   *
   * @return   The class ID for all objects of this class.
   * @internal
   */
  U_I18N_API static UClassID U_EXPORT2 getStaticClassID(void);

  /**
   * return the calendar type, "persian".
   *
   * @return calendar type
   * @internal
   */
  virtual const char * getType() const;

 private:
  PersianCalendar(); // default constructor not implemented

 protected:

  /**
   * (Overrides Calendar) Return true if the current date for this Calendar is in
   * Daylight Savings Time. Recognizes DST_OFFSET, if it is set.
   *
   * @param status Fill-in parameter which receives the status of this operation.
   * @return   True if the current date for this Calendar is in Daylight Savings Time,
   *           false, otherwise.
   * @internal
   */
  virtual UBool inDaylightTime(UErrorCode& status) const;

  /**
   * Returns TRUE because the Persian Calendar does have a default century
   * @internal
   */
  virtual UBool haveDefaultCentury() const;

  /**
   * Returns the date of the start of the default century
   * @return start of century - in milliseconds since epoch, 1970
   * @internal
   */
  virtual UDate defaultCenturyStart() const;

  /**
   * Returns the year in which the default century begins
   * @internal
   */
  virtual int32_t defaultCenturyStartYear() const;

 private: // default century stuff.
  /**
   * The system maintains a static default century start date.  This is initialized
   * the first time it is used.  Before then, it is set to SYSTEM_DEFAULT_CENTURY to
   * indicate an uninitialized state.  Once the system default century date and year
   * are set, they do not change.
   */
00321   static UDate         fgSystemDefaultCenturyStart;

  /**
   * See documentation for systemDefaultCenturyStart.
   */
00326   static int32_t          fgSystemDefaultCenturyStartYear;

  /**
   * Default value that indicates the defaultCenturyStartYear is unitialized
   */
00331   static const int32_t    fgSystemDefaultCenturyYear;

  /**
   * start of default century, as a date
   */
00336   static const UDate        fgSystemDefaultCentury;

  /**
   * Returns the beginning date of the 100-year window that dates 
   * with 2-digit years are considered to fall within.
   */
  UDate         internalGetDefaultCenturyStart(void) const;

  /**
   * Returns the first year of the 100-year window that dates with 
   * 2-digit years are considered to fall within.
   */
  int32_t          internalGetDefaultCenturyStartYear(void) const;

  /**
   * Initializes the 100-year window that dates with 2-digit years
   * are considered to fall within so that its start date is 80 years
   * before the current time.
   */
  static void  initializeSystemDefaultCentury(void);
};

U_NAMESPACE_END

#endif
#endif




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