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transreg.cpp

/*
**********************************************************************
*   Copyright (c) 2001, International Business Machines
*   Corporation and others.  All Rights Reserved.
**********************************************************************
*   Date        Name        Description
*   08/10/2001  aliu        Creation.
**********************************************************************
*/
#include "transreg.h"
#include "rbt_data.h"
#include "rbt_pars.h"
#include "tridpars.h"
#include "unicode/cpdtrans.h"
#include "unicode/nultrans.h"
#include "unicode/parseerr.h"
#include "unicode/rbt.h"
#include "unicode/resbund.h"
#include "unicode/translit.h"
#include "unicode/uniset.h"
#include "unicode/uscript.h"
#include "charstr.h"

// Enable the following symbol to add debugging code that tracks the
// allocation, deletion, and use of Entry objects.  BoundsChecker has
// reported dangling pointer errors with these objects, but I have
// been unable to confirm them.  I suspect BoundsChecker is getting
// confused with pointers going into and coming out of a UHashtable,
// despite the hinting code that is designed to help it.
// #define DEBUG_MEM
#ifdef DEBUG_MEM
#include <stdio.h>
#endif

// UChar constants
static const UChar LOCALE_SEP  = 95; // '_'
static const UChar ID_SEP      = 0x002D; /*-*/
static const UChar VARIANT_SEP = 0x002F; // '/'

// String constants
static const UChar NO_VARIANT[] = { 0 }; // empty string
static const UChar ANY[] = { 65, 110, 121, 0 }; // Any

/**
 * Resource bundle key for the RuleBasedTransliterator rule.
 */
static const char RB_RULE[] = "Rule";

U_NAMESPACE_BEGIN

//------------------------------------------------------------------
// Alias
//------------------------------------------------------------------

00055 TransliteratorAlias::TransliteratorAlias(const UnicodeString& theAliasID) :
    ID(),
    aliasID(theAliasID),
    trans(0),
    compoundFilter(0),
    idSplitPoint(-1) {
}

00063 TransliteratorAlias::TransliteratorAlias(const UnicodeString& theID,
                                         const UnicodeString& idBlock,
                                         Transliterator* adopted,
                                         int32_t theIDSplitPoint,
                                         const UnicodeSet* cpdFilter) :
    ID(theID),
    aliasID(idBlock),
    trans(adopted),
    compoundFilter(cpdFilter),
    idSplitPoint(theIDSplitPoint) {
}

TransliteratorAlias::~TransliteratorAlias() {
    delete trans;
}


00080 Transliterator* TransliteratorAlias::create(UParseError& pe,
                                            UErrorCode& ec) {
    Transliterator *t;
    if (trans == 0) {
        t = Transliterator::createInstance(aliasID, UTRANS_FORWARD, pe, ec);
    } else {
        t = new CompoundTransliterator(ID, aliasID, idSplitPoint,
                                       trans, ec);
        trans = 0; // so we don't delete it later
        if (compoundFilter) {
            t->adoptFilter((UnicodeSet*) compoundFilter->clone());
        }
    }
    return t;
}

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// class Spec
//----------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
 * A Spec is a string specifying either a source or a target.  In more
 * general terms, it may also specify a variant, but we only use the
 * Spec class for sources and targets.
 *
 * A Spec may be a locale or a script.  If it is a locale, it has a
 * fallback chain that goes xx_YY_ZZZ -> xx_YY -> xx -> ssss, where
 * ssss is the script mapping of xx_YY_ZZZ.  The Spec API methods
 * hasFallback(), next(), and reset() iterate over this fallback
 * sequence.
 *
 * The Spec class canonicalizes itself, so the locale is put into
 * canonical form, or the script is transformed from an abbreviation
 * to a full name.
 */
00115 class Spec {
 public:
    Spec(const UnicodeString& spec);
    ~Spec();

    const UnicodeString& get() const;
    UBool hasFallback() const;
    const UnicodeString& next();
    void reset();

    UBool isLocale() const;
    ResourceBundle& getBundle() const;

    operator const UnicodeString&() const { return get(); }
    const UnicodeString& getTop() const { return top; }

 private:
    void setupNext();

    UnicodeString top;
    UnicodeString spec;
    UnicodeString nextSpec;
    UnicodeString scriptName;
    UBool isSpecLocale; // TRUE if spec is a locale
    UBool isNextLocale; // TRUE if nextSpec is a locale
    ResourceBundle* res;
};

Spec::Spec(const UnicodeString& theSpec) : top(theSpec) {
    UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    CharString topch(top);
    Locale toploc(topch);
    res = new ResourceBundle(u_getDataDirectory(), toploc, status);
    if (U_FAILURE(status) ||
        status == U_USING_DEFAULT_ERROR) {
        delete res;
        res = 0;
    }

    // Canonicalize script name -or- do locale->script mapping
    status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    const int32_t capacity = 10;
    UScriptCode script[capacity]={USCRIPT_INVALID_CODE};
    int32_t num = uscript_getCode(topch,script,capacity, &status);
    if (num > 0 && script[0] != USCRIPT_INVALID_CODE) {
        scriptName = UnicodeString(uscript_getName(script[0]), "");
    }

    // Canonicalize top
    char buf[256];
    if (res != 0) {
        // Canonicalize locale name
        status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
        uloc_getName(topch, buf, sizeof(buf), &status);
        if (U_SUCCESS(status) && status != U_STRING_NOT_TERMINATED_WARNING) {
            top = UnicodeString(buf, "");
        }
    } else if (scriptName.length() != 0) {
        // We are a script; use canonical name
        top = scriptName;
    }

    // assert(spec != top);
    reset();
}

Spec::~Spec() {
    delete res;
}

UBool Spec::hasFallback() const {
    return nextSpec.length() != 0;
}

void Spec::reset() {
    if (spec != top) {
        spec = top;
        isSpecLocale = (res != 0);
        setupNext();
    }
}

void Spec::setupNext() {
    isNextLocale = FALSE;
    if (isSpecLocale) {
        nextSpec = spec;
        int32_t i = nextSpec.lastIndexOf(LOCALE_SEP);
        // If i == 0 then we have _FOO, so we fall through
        // to the scriptName.
        if (i > 0) {
            nextSpec.truncate(i);
            isNextLocale = TRUE;
        } else {
            nextSpec = scriptName; // scriptName may be empty
        }
    } else {
        // spec is a script, so we are at the end
        nextSpec.truncate(0);
    }
}

// Protocol:
// for(const UnicodeString& s(spec.get());
//     spec.hasFallback(); s(spec.next())) { ...

const UnicodeString& Spec::next() {
    spec = nextSpec;
    isSpecLocale = isNextLocale;
    setupNext();
    return spec;
}

const UnicodeString& Spec::get() const {
    return spec;
}

UBool Spec::isLocale() const {
    return isSpecLocale;
}

ResourceBundle& Spec::getBundle() const {
    return *res;
}

//----------------------------------------------------------------------

#ifdef DEBUG_MEM

// Vector of Entry pointers currently in use
static UVector* DEBUG_entries = NULL;

static void DEBUG_setup() {
    if (DEBUG_entries == NULL) {
        UErrorCode ec = U_ZERO_ERROR;
        DEBUG_entries = new UVector(ec);
    }
}

// Caller must call DEBUG_setup first.  Return index of given Entry,
// if it is in use (not deleted yet), or -1 if not found.
static int DEBUG_findEntry(Entry* e) {
    for (int i=0; i<DEBUG_entries->size(); ++i) {
        if (e == (Entry*) DEBUG_entries->elementAt(i)) {
            return i;
        }
    }
    return -1;
}

// Track object creation
static void DEBUG_newEntry(Entry* e) {
    DEBUG_setup();
    if (DEBUG_findEntry(e) >= 0) {
        // This should really never happen unless the heap is broken
        printf("ERROR DEBUG_newEntry duplicate new pointer %08X\n", e);
        return;
    }
    UErrorCode ec = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    DEBUG_entries->addElement(e, ec);
}

// Track object deletion
static void DEBUG_delEntry(Entry* e) {
    DEBUG_setup();
    int i = DEBUG_findEntry(e);
    if (i < 0) {
        printf("ERROR DEBUG_delEntry possible double deletion %08X\n", e);
        return;
    }
    DEBUG_entries->removeElementAt(i);
}

// Track object usage
static void DEBUG_useEntry(Entry* e) {
    if (e == NULL) return;
    DEBUG_setup();
    int i = DEBUG_findEntry(e);
    if (i < 0) {
        printf("ERROR DEBUG_useEntry possible dangling pointer %08X\n", e);
    }
}

#else
// If we're not debugging then make these macros into NOPs
#define DEBUG_newEntry(x)
#define DEBUG_delEntry(x)
#define DEBUG_useEntry(x)
#endif

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// class Entry
//----------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
 * The Entry object stores objects of different types and
 * singleton objects as placeholders for rule-based transliterators to
 * be built as needed.  Instances of this struct can be placeholders,
 * can represent prototype transliterators to be cloned, or can
 * represent TransliteratorData objects.  We don't support storing
 * classes in the registry because we don't have the rtti infrastructure
 * for it.  We could easily add this if there is a need for it in the
 * future.
 */
00318 class Entry {
public:
    enum Type {
        RULES_FORWARD,
        RULES_REVERSE,
        LOCALE_RULES,
        PROTOTYPE,
        RBT_DATA,
        COMPOUND_RBT,
        ALIAS,
        FACTORY,
        NONE // Only used for uninitialized entries
    } entryType;
    // NOTE: stringArg cannot go inside the union because
    // it has a copy constructor
    UnicodeString stringArg; // For RULES_*, ALIAS, COMPOUND_RBT
    int32_t intArg; // For COMPOUND_RBT, LOCALE_RULES
    UnicodeSet* compoundFilter; // For COMPOUND_RBT
    union {
        Transliterator* prototype; // For PROTOTYPE
        TransliterationRuleData* data; // For RBT_DATA, COMPOUND_RBT
        struct {
            Transliterator::Factory function;
            Transliterator::Token   context;
        } factory; // For FACTORY
    } u;
    Entry();
    ~Entry();
    void adoptPrototype(Transliterator* adopted);
    void setFactory(Transliterator::Factory factory,
                    Transliterator::Token context);
};

Entry::Entry() {
    u.prototype = 0;
    compoundFilter = NULL;
    entryType = NONE;
    DEBUG_newEntry(this);
}

Entry::~Entry() {
    DEBUG_delEntry(this);
    if (entryType == PROTOTYPE) {
        delete u.prototype;
    } else if (entryType == RBT_DATA || entryType == COMPOUND_RBT) {
        // The data object is shared between instances of RBT.  The
        // entry object owns it.  It should only be deleted when the
        // transliterator component is being cleaned up.  Doing so
        // invalidates any RBTs that the user has instantiated.
        delete u.data;
    }
    delete compoundFilter;
}

void Entry::adoptPrototype(Transliterator* adopted) {
    if (entryType == PROTOTYPE) {
        delete u.prototype;
    }
    entryType = PROTOTYPE;
    u.prototype = adopted;
}

void Entry::setFactory(Transliterator::Factory factory,
                       Transliterator::Token context) {
    if (entryType == PROTOTYPE) {
        delete u.prototype;
    }
    entryType = FACTORY;
    u.factory.function = factory;
    u.factory.context = context;
}

// UObjectDeleter for Hashtable::setValueDeleter
U_CDECL_BEGIN
static void U_EXPORT2 U_CALLCONV
deleteEntry(void* obj) {
    delete (Entry*) obj;
}
U_CDECL_END

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// class TransliteratorRegistry: Basic public API
//----------------------------------------------------------------------

TransliteratorRegistry::TransliteratorRegistry(UErrorCode& status) :
    registry(TRUE),
    specDAG(TRUE),
    availableIDs(status)
{
    registry.setValueDeleter(deleteEntry);
    availableIDs.setDeleter(uhash_deleteUnicodeString);
    availableIDs.setComparer(uhash_compareCaselessUnicodeString);
    specDAG.setValueDeleter(uhash_deleteHashtable);
}

00413 TransliteratorRegistry::~TransliteratorRegistry() {
    // Through the magic of C++, everything cleans itself up
}

00417 Transliterator* TransliteratorRegistry::get(const UnicodeString& ID,
                                            TransliteratorAlias*& aliasReturn,
                                            UParseError& parseError,
                                            UErrorCode& status) {
    Entry *entry = find(ID);
    return (entry == 0) ? 0
        : instantiateEntry(ID, entry, aliasReturn, parseError,status);
}

00426 void TransliteratorRegistry::put(Transliterator* adoptedProto,
                                 UBool visible) {
    Entry *entry = new Entry();
    entry->adoptPrototype(adoptedProto);
    registerEntry(adoptedProto->getID(), entry, visible);
}

00433 void TransliteratorRegistry::put(const UnicodeString& ID,
                                 Transliterator::Factory factory,
                                 Transliterator::Token context,
                                 UBool visible) {
    Entry *entry = new Entry();
    entry->setFactory(factory, context);
    registerEntry(ID, entry, visible);
}

00442 void TransliteratorRegistry::put(const UnicodeString& ID,
                                 const UnicodeString& resourceName,
                                 UTransDirection dir,
                                 UBool visible) {
    Entry *entry = new Entry();
    entry->entryType = (dir == UTRANS_FORWARD) ? Entry::RULES_FORWARD
        : Entry::RULES_REVERSE;
    entry->stringArg = resourceName;
    registerEntry(ID, entry, visible);
}

00453 void TransliteratorRegistry::put(const UnicodeString& ID,
                                 const UnicodeString& alias,
                                 UBool visible) {
    Entry *entry = new Entry();
    entry->entryType = Entry::ALIAS;
    entry->stringArg = alias;
    registerEntry(ID, entry, visible);
}

00462 void TransliteratorRegistry::remove(const UnicodeString& ID) {
    UnicodeString source, target, variant;
    UBool sawSource;
    TransliteratorIDParser::IDtoSTV(ID, source, target, variant, sawSource);
    // Only need to do this if ID.indexOf('-') < 0
    UnicodeString id;
    STVtoID(source, target, variant, id);
    registry.remove(id);
    removeSTV(source, target, variant);
    availableIDs.removeElement((void*) &id);
}

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// class TransliteratorRegistry: Public ID and spec management
//----------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
 * Return the number of IDs currently registered with the system.
 * To retrieve the actual IDs, call getAvailableID(i) with
 * i from 0 to countAvailableIDs() - 1.
 */
00483 int32_t TransliteratorRegistry::countAvailableIDs(void) {
    return availableIDs.size();
}

/**
 * Return the index-th available ID.  index must be between 0
 * and countAvailableIDs() - 1, inclusive.  If index is out of
 * range, the result of getAvailableID(0) is returned.
 */
00492 const UnicodeString& TransliteratorRegistry::getAvailableID(int32_t index) {
    if (index < 0 || index >= availableIDs.size()) {
        index = 0;
    }
    return *(const UnicodeString*) availableIDs[index];
}

00499 int32_t TransliteratorRegistry::countAvailableSources(void) {
    return specDAG.count();
}

00503 UnicodeString& TransliteratorRegistry::getAvailableSource(int32_t index,
                                                          UnicodeString& result) {
    int32_t pos = -1;
    const UHashElement *e = 0;
    while (index-- >= 0) {
        e = specDAG.nextElement(pos);
        if (e == 0) {
            break;
        }
    }
    if (e == 0) {
        result.truncate(0);
    } else {
        result = *(UnicodeString*) e->key.pointer;
    }
    return result;
}

00521 int32_t TransliteratorRegistry::countAvailableTargets(const UnicodeString& source) {
    Hashtable *targets = (Hashtable*) specDAG.get(source);
    return (targets == 0) ? 0 : targets->count();
}

00526 UnicodeString& TransliteratorRegistry::getAvailableTarget(int32_t index,
                                                          const UnicodeString& source,
                                                          UnicodeString& result) {
    Hashtable *targets = (Hashtable*) specDAG.get(source);
    if (targets == 0) {
        result.truncate(0); // invalid source
        return result;
    }
    int32_t pos = -1;
    const UHashElement *e = 0;
    while (index-- >= 0) {
        e = targets->nextElement(pos);
        if (e == 0) {
            break;
        }
    }
    if (e == 0) {
        result.truncate(0); // invalid index
    } else {
        result = *(UnicodeString*) e->key.pointer;
    }
    return result;
}

00550 int32_t TransliteratorRegistry::countAvailableVariants(const UnicodeString& source,
                                                       const UnicodeString& target) {
    Hashtable *targets = (Hashtable*) specDAG.get(source);
    if (targets == 0) {
        return 0;
    }
    UVector *variants = (UVector*) targets->get(target);
    // variants may be 0 if the source/target are invalid
    return (variants == 0) ? 0 : variants->size();
}

00561 UnicodeString& TransliteratorRegistry::getAvailableVariant(int32_t index,
                                                           const UnicodeString& source,
                                                           const UnicodeString& target,
                                                           UnicodeString& result) {
    Hashtable *targets = (Hashtable*) specDAG.get(source);
    if (targets == 0) {
        result.truncate(0); // invalid source
        return result;
    }
    UVector *variants = (UVector*) targets->get(target);
    if (variants == 0) {
        result.truncate(0); // invalid target
        return result;
    }
    UnicodeString *v = (UnicodeString*) variants->elementAt(index);
    if (v == 0) {
        result.truncate(0); // invalid index
    } else {
        result = *v;
    }
    return result;
}

//----------------------------------------------------------------------
// class TransliteratorRegistry: internal
//----------------------------------------------------------------------

/**
 * Given source, target, and variant strings, concatenate them into a
 * full ID.  If the source is empty, then "Any" will be used for the
 * source, so the ID will always be of the form s-t/v or s-t.
 */
00593 void TransliteratorRegistry::STVtoID(const UnicodeString& source,
                                     const UnicodeString& target,
                                     const UnicodeString& variant,
                                     UnicodeString& id) {
    id = source;
    if (id.length() == 0) {
        id = ANY;
    }
    id.append(ID_SEP).append(target);
    if (variant.length() != 0) {
        id.append(VARIANT_SEP).append(variant);
    }
}

/**
 * Convenience method.  Calls 6-arg registerEntry().
 */
00610 void TransliteratorRegistry::registerEntry(const UnicodeString& source,
                                           const UnicodeString& target,
                                           const UnicodeString& variant,
                                           Entry* adopted,
                                           UBool visible) {
    UnicodeString ID;
    UnicodeString s(source);
    if (s.length() == 0) {
        s = ANY;
    }
    STVtoID(source, target, variant, ID);
    registerEntry(ID, s, target, variant, adopted, visible);
}

/**
 * Convenience method.  Calls 6-arg registerEntry().
 */
00627 void TransliteratorRegistry::registerEntry(const UnicodeString& ID,
                                           Entry* adopted,
                                           UBool visible) {
    UnicodeString source, target, variant;
    UBool sawSource;
    TransliteratorIDParser::IDtoSTV(ID, source, target, variant, sawSource);
    // Only need to do this if ID.indexOf('-') < 0
    UnicodeString id;
    STVtoID(source, target, variant, id);
    registerEntry(id, source, target, variant, adopted, visible);
}

/**
 * Register an entry object (adopted) with the given ID, source,
 * target, and variant strings.
 */
00643 void TransliteratorRegistry::registerEntry(const UnicodeString& ID,
                                           const UnicodeString& source,
                                           const UnicodeString& target,
                                           const UnicodeString& variant,
                                           Entry* adopted,
                                           UBool visible) {
    UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    registry.put(ID, adopted, status);
    if (visible) {
        registerSTV(source, target, variant);
        if (!availableIDs.contains((void*) &ID)) {
            availableIDs.addElement(new UnicodeString(ID), status);
        }
    } else {
        removeSTV(source, target, variant);
        availableIDs.removeElement((void*) &ID);
    }
}

/**
 * Register a source-target/variant in the specDAG.  Variant may be
 * empty, but source and target must not be.  If variant is empty then
 * the special variant NO_VARIANT is stored in slot zero of the
 * UVector of variants.
 */
00668 void TransliteratorRegistry::registerSTV(const UnicodeString& source,
                                         const UnicodeString& target,
                                         const UnicodeString& variant) {
    // assert(source.length() > 0);
    // assert(target.length() > 0);
    UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    Hashtable *targets = (Hashtable*) specDAG.get(source);
    if (targets == 0) {
        targets = new Hashtable(TRUE);
        if (targets == 0) {
            return;
        }
        targets->setValueDeleter(uhash_deleteUVector);
        specDAG.put(source, targets, status);
    }
    UVector *variants = (UVector*) targets->get(target);
    if (variants == 0) {
        variants = new UVector(uhash_deleteUnicodeString,
                               uhash_compareCaselessUnicodeString, status);
        if (variants == 0) {
            return;
        }
        targets->put(target, variants, status);
    }
    // assert(NO_VARIANT == "");
    // We add the variant string.  If it is the special "no variant"
    // string, that is, the empty string, we add it at position zero.
    if (!variants->contains((void*) &variant)) {
        if (variant.length() > 0) {
            variants->addElement(new UnicodeString(variant), status);
        } else {
            variants->insertElementAt(new UnicodeString(NO_VARIANT), 0, status);
        }
    }
}

/**
 * Remove a source-target/variant from the specDAG.
 */
00707 void TransliteratorRegistry::removeSTV(const UnicodeString& source,
                                       const UnicodeString& target,
                                       const UnicodeString& variant) {
    // assert(source.length() > 0);
    // assert(target.length() > 0);
//    UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
    Hashtable *targets = (Hashtable*) specDAG.get(source);
    if (targets == 0) {
        return; // should never happen for valid s-t/v
    }
    UVector *variants = (UVector*) targets->get(target);
    if (variants == 0) {
        return; // should never happen for valid s-t/v
    }
    variants->removeElement((void*) &variant);
    if (variants->size() == 0) {
        targets->remove(target); // should delete variants
        if (targets->count() == 0) {
            specDAG.remove(source); // should delete targets
        }
    }
}

/**
 * Attempt to find a source-target/variant in the dynamic registry
 * store.  Return 0 on failure.
 *
 * Caller does NOT own returned object.
 */
00736 Entry* TransliteratorRegistry::findInDynamicStore(const Spec& src,
                                                  const Spec& trg,
                                                  const UnicodeString& variant) {
    UnicodeString ID;
    STVtoID(src, trg, variant, ID);
    Entry *e = (Entry*) registry.get(ID);
    DEBUG_useEntry(e);
    return e;
}

/**
 * Attempt to find a source-target/variant in the static locale
 * resource store.  Do not perform fallback.  Return 0 on failure.
 *
 * On success, create a new entry object, register it in the dynamic
 * store, and return a pointer to it, but do not make it public --
 * just because someone requested something, we do not expand the
 * available ID list (or spec DAG).
 *
 * Caller does NOT own returned object.
 */
00757 Entry* TransliteratorRegistry::findInStaticStore(const Spec& src,
                                                 const Spec& trg,
                                                 const UnicodeString& variant) {
    Entry* entry = 0;
    if (src.isLocale()) {
        entry = findInBundle(src, trg, variant, UTRANS_FORWARD);
    } else if (trg.isLocale()) {
        entry = findInBundle(trg, src, variant, UTRANS_REVERSE);
    }

    // If we found an entry, store it in the Hashtable for next
    // time.
    if (entry != 0) {
        registerEntry(src.getTop(), trg.getTop(), variant, entry, FALSE);
    }

    return entry;
}

// As of 2.0, resource bundle keys cannot contain '_'
static const UChar TRANSLITERATE_TO[] = {84,114,97,110,115,108,105,116,101,114,97,116,101,84,111,0}; // "TransliterateTo"

static const UChar TRANSLITERATE_FROM[] = {84,114,97,110,115,108,105,116,101,114,97,116,101,70,114,111,109,0}; // "TransliterateFrom"

static const UChar TRANSLITERATE[] = {84,114,97,110,115,108,105,116,101,114,97,116,101,0}; // "Transliterate"

/**
 * Attempt to find an entry in a single resource bundle.  This is
 * a one-sided lookup.  findInStaticStore() performs up to two such
 * lookups, one for the source, and one for the target.
 *
 * Do not perform fallback.  Return 0 on failure.
 *
 * On success, create a new Entry object, populate it, and return it.
 * The caller owns the returned object.
 */
00793 Entry* TransliteratorRegistry::findInBundle(const Spec& specToOpen,
                                            const Spec& specToFind,
                                            const UnicodeString& variant,
                                            UTransDirection direction)
{
    UnicodeString utag;
    UnicodeString resStr;
    int32_t pass;

    for (pass=0; pass<2; ++pass) {
        utag.truncate(0);
        // First try either TransliteratorTo_xxx or
        // TransliterateFrom_xxx, then try the bidirectional
        // Transliterate_xxx.  This precedence order is arbitrary
        // but must be consistent and documented.
        if (pass == 0) {
            utag.append(direction == UTRANS_FORWARD ?
                        TRANSLITERATE_TO : TRANSLITERATE_FROM);
        } else {
            utag.append(TRANSLITERATE);
        }
        UnicodeString s(specToFind.get());
        utag.append(s.toUpper());
        CharString tag(utag);
        
        UErrorCode status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
        ResourceBundle subres(specToOpen.getBundle().get(tag, status));
        if (U_FAILURE(status) ||
            status == U_USING_DEFAULT_ERROR) {
            continue;
        }
        
        if (specToOpen.get() != subres.getLocale().getName()) {
            continue;
        }
        
        if (variant.length() != 0) {
            CharString var(variant);
            status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
            resStr = subres.getStringEx(var, status);
            if (U_SUCCESS(status)) {
                // Exit loop successfully
                break;
            }
        }
        
        else {
            // Variant is empty, which means match the first variant listed.
            status = U_ZERO_ERROR;
            resStr = subres.getStringEx(1, status);
            if (U_SUCCESS(status)) {
                // Exit loop successfully
                break;
            }
        }
    }

    if (pass==2) {
        // Failed
        return NULL;
    }

    // We have succeeded in loading a string from the locale
    // resources.  Create a new registry entry to hold it and return it.
    Entry *entry = new Entry();
    if (entry != 0) {
        // The direction is always forward for the
        // TransliterateTo_xxx and TransliterateFrom_xxx
        // items; those are unidirectional forward rules.
        // For the bidirectional Transliterate_xxx items,
        // the direction is the value passed in to this
        // function.
        int32_t dir = (pass == 0) ? UTRANS_FORWARD : direction;
        entry->entryType = Entry::LOCALE_RULES;
        entry->stringArg = resStr;
        entry->intArg = dir;
    }

    return entry;
}

/**
 * Convenience method.  Calls 3-arg find().
 */
00877 Entry* TransliteratorRegistry::find(const UnicodeString& ID) {
    UnicodeString source, target, variant;
    UBool sawSource;
    TransliteratorIDParser::IDtoSTV(ID, source, target, variant, sawSource);
    return find(source, target, variant);
}

/**
 * Top-level find method.  Attempt to find a source-target/variant in
 * either the dynamic or the static (locale resource) store.  Perform
 * fallback.
 * 
 * Lookup sequence for ss_SS_SSS-tt_TT_TTT/v:
 *
 *   ss_SS_SSS-tt_TT_TTT/v -- in hashtable
 *   ss_SS_SSS-tt_TT_TTT/v -- in ss_SS_SSS (no fallback)
 * 
 *     repeat with t = tt_TT_TTT, tt_TT, tt, and tscript
 *
 *     ss_SS_SSS-t/ *
 *     ss_SS-t/ *
 *     ss-t/ *
 *     sscript-t/ *
 *
 * Here * matches the first variant listed.
 *
 * Caller does NOT own returned object.  Return 0 on failure.
 */
00905 Entry* TransliteratorRegistry::find(UnicodeString& source,
                                    UnicodeString& target,
                                    UnicodeString& variant) {
    
    Spec src(source);
    Spec trg(target);
    Entry* entry;

    if (variant.length() != 0) {
        
        // Seek exact match in hashtable
        entry = findInDynamicStore(src, trg, variant);
        if (entry != 0) {
            return entry;
        }
        
        // Seek exact match in locale resources
        entry = findInStaticStore(src, trg, variant);
        if (entry != 0) {
            return entry;
        }
    }

    for (;;) {
        src.reset();
        for (;;) {
            // Seek match in hashtable
            entry = findInDynamicStore(src, trg, NO_VARIANT);
            if (entry != 0) {
                return entry;
            }
            
            // Seek match in locale resources
            entry = findInStaticStore(src, trg, NO_VARIANT);
            if (entry != 0) {
                return entry;
            }
            if (!src.hasFallback()) {
                break;
            }
            src.next();
        }
        if (!trg.hasFallback()) {
            break;
        }
        trg.next();
    }

    return 0;
}

/**
 * Given an Entry object, instantiate it.  Caller owns result.  Return
 * 0 on failure.
 *
 * Return a non-empty aliasReturn value if the ID points to an alias.
 * We cannot instantiate it ourselves because the alias may contain
 * filters or compounds, which we do not understand.  Caller should
 * make aliasReturn empty before calling.
 *
 * The entry object is assumed to reside in the dynamic store.  It may be
 * modified.
 */
00968 Transliterator* TransliteratorRegistry::instantiateEntry(const UnicodeString& ID,
                                                         Entry *entry,
                                                         TransliteratorAlias* &aliasReturn,
                                                         UParseError& parseError,
                                                         UErrorCode& status) {

    for (;;) {
        if (entry->entryType == Entry::RBT_DATA) {
            return new RuleBasedTransliterator(ID, entry->u.data);
        } else if (entry->entryType == Entry::PROTOTYPE) {
            return entry->u.prototype->clone();
        } else if (entry->entryType == Entry::ALIAS) {
            aliasReturn = new TransliteratorAlias(entry->stringArg);
            return 0;
        } else if (entry->entryType == Entry::FACTORY) {
            return entry->u.factory.function(ID, entry->u.factory.context);
        } else if (entry->entryType == Entry::COMPOUND_RBT) {
            UnicodeString id("_", "");
            Transliterator *t = new RuleBasedTransliterator(id, entry->u.data);
            aliasReturn = new TransliteratorAlias(ID, entry->stringArg, t, entry->intArg, entry->compoundFilter);
            return 0;
        }

        TransliteratorParser parser;

        if (entry->entryType == Entry::LOCALE_RULES) {
            parser.parse(entry->stringArg, (UTransDirection) entry->intArg,
                         parseError, status);
        } else {
            // At this point entry type must be either RULES_FORWARD or
            // RULES_REVERSE.  We process the rule data into a
            // TransliteratorRuleData object, and possibly also into an
            // ::id header and/or footer.  Then we modify the registry with
            // the parsed data and retry.
            UBool isReverse = (entry->entryType == Entry::RULES_REVERSE);
            
            // We use the file name, taken from another resource bundle
            // 2-d array at static init time, as a locale language.  We're
            // just using the locale mechanism to map through to a file
            // name; this in no way represents an actual locale.
            CharString ch(entry->stringArg);
            UResourceBundle *bundle = ures_openDirect(0, ch, &status);
            UnicodeString rules = ures_getUnicodeStringByKey(bundle, RB_RULE, &status);
            ures_close(bundle);
            
            // If the status indicates a failure, then we don't have any
            // rules -- there is probably an installation error.  The list
            // in the root locale should correspond to all the installed
            // transliterators; if it lists something that's not
            // installed, we'll get an error from ResourceBundle.
            
            parser.parse(rules, isReverse ? UTRANS_REVERSE : UTRANS_FORWARD,
                         parseError, status);
        }

        if (U_FAILURE(status)) {
            // We have a failure of some kind.  Remove the ID from the
            // registry so we don't keep trying.  NOTE: This will throw off
            // anyone who is, at the moment, trying to iterate over the
            // available IDs.  That's acceptable since we should never
            // really get here except under installation, configuration,
            // or unrecoverable run time memory failures.
            remove(ID);
            break;
        }

        entry->u.data = parser.orphanData();
        entry->stringArg = parser.idBlock;
        entry->intArg = parser.idSplitPoint;
        entry->compoundFilter = parser.orphanCompoundFilter();

        // Reset entry->entryType to something that we process at the
        // top of the loop, then loop back to the top.  As long as we
        // do this, we only loop through twice at most.
        // NOTE: The logic here matches that in
        // Transliterator::createFromRules().
        if (entry->stringArg.length() == 0) {
            if (entry->u.data == 0) {
                // No idBlock, no data -- this is just an
                // alias for Null
                entry->entryType = Entry::ALIAS;
                entry->stringArg = NullTransliterator::ID;
            } else {
                // No idBlock, data != 0 -- this is an
                // ordinary RBT_DATA
                entry->entryType = Entry::RBT_DATA;
            }
        } else {
            if (entry->u.data == 0) {
                // idBlock, no data -- this is an alias.  The ID has
                // been munged from reverse into forward mode, if
                // necessary, so instantiate the ID in the forward
                // direction.
                entry->entryType = Entry::ALIAS;
            } else {
                // idBlock and data -- this is a compound
                // RBT
                entry->entryType = Entry::COMPOUND_RBT;
            }
        }
    }

    return 0; // failed
}
U_NAMESPACE_END

//eof

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